Normally, our bone tissue, measured as bone mineral density, is maintained by a process of constant reabsorption and replacement. Osteoporosis is a bone condition where old bone is absorbed faster than the new bone can replace it. While this is not typically a painful condition, as the bone tissue becomes more brittle, the risk of fracture can significantly increase.
+ Aged over 50 years
+ Female gender
+ White or Asian background
+ Early menopause
+ Lean body type
+ Lack of exercise
+ Various medications*
+ Heavy alcohol consumption
+ Low calcium intake or vitamin D deficiency
While some of the above risk factors are unavoidable, quite a few are things we can proactively change!
+ Increase your exercise levels – maintaining joint mobility is really important particularly as we age
+ Incorporate strength training – walking or swimming do not provide enough force to stimulate bone growth alone
+ Decrease alcohol consumption and smoking – these both decrease decreases the bodies ability and speed of healing time
+ Increasing calcium and vitamin D intake or sun exposure – involved in bone production but without Vit. D our bodies cannot absorb the calcium needed to create new bone tissue
+ Starting when you are young – our bodies lay down new bone tissue to increase our bone strength during the first 35 years of our life and after that, it is important to maintain our joint strength
While osteoporosis is not reversible if we start preventative measures early the process can be slowed immensely and current levels can be maintained.
+ Joint mobilisations and adjustments – to ensure that your body is at its optimal level of movement and function
+ Soft tissue techniques – to ensure that your muscles are balanced and able to support your body’s stabilisation, proprioception and strength to keep you moving
+ Home stretching and strengthening exercises – to provide tailored rehab plans that will encourage the development of new bone growth and maintain the levels achieved
+ Dry Needling – to encourage blood flow, tissue response and healing times